A pressure ulcer will be briefly discussed today. But before we commence, it is important we make it known to you that you Pressure ulcers are simply injuries which happen to the skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin. Furthermore, bedsores most often develop on skin that covers bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips, and tailbone.
Have it at the back of your mind that most people risk of bedsores which are those with a medical condition that limits their ability to change positions or those who spend most of their time in a bed or chair. Bedsores can develop quickly. Most sores heal with treatment, but some never heal completely. You can take steps to help prevent bedsores and aid healing.
Furthermore, pressure ulcers normally occurs due to the pressure applied to soft tissue resulting in completely or partially obstructed blood flow to the soft tissue. Also, shear is also a cause, as it can pull on blood vessels that feed the skin. Know it that the pressure ulcers most commonly develop in individuals who are not moving about, such as those being bedridden or confined to a wheelchair.
Pressure ulcer education for nurses
Pressure Ulcer education for a nurse, having said such already, please have it in mind that the training is an essential component of a successful pressure ulcer prevention and treatment program. This training is designed to assist nurses in developing basic skills necessary to prevent and treat pressure ulcers.
Its is a pleasure we make it known to you that the program is interactive, meaning the nurse learner will be reading, listening, and engaging in the hands-on practice. Some preparation is required on the part of the facilitator to promote a successful training experience,
Pressure ulcer Prevention
Preventing Pressure ulcer shouldn’t be a problem. Have it at the back of your mind that pressure ulcers are also called bedsores, or pressure sores. They can form when your skin and soft tissue press against a harder surface, such as a chair or bed, for a prolonged time.
Know it that this, the pressure reduces blood supply to that area because lack of blood supply can cause the skin tissue in this area to become damaged or die. When this happens, a pressure ulcer may form.
1: You, or your caregiver, need to check your body every day from head to toe. Pay special attention to the areas where pressure ulcers often form. These areas are the:
2: Call your health care provider if you see early signs of pressure ulcers.
3: Treat your skin gently to help prevent pressure ulcers.
4: Eat enough calories and protein to stay healthy.
5: Drink plenty of water every day.
6: Make sure your clothes are not increasing your risk of developing pressure ulcers:
Pressure ulcer Stage 1
Pressure ulcer stage 1 happens to be the mildest stage. Have it in mind that these pressure sores only affect the upper layer of your skin.
Symptoms: Pain, burning, or itching are common symptoms. The spot may also feel different from the surrounding skin: firmer or softer, warmer or cooler.
In some cases, you might just notice a red area on your skin. If you have darker skin, the discolored area may be harder to see. The spot doesn’t get lighter when you press on it, or even 10 to 30 minutes after you stop pressing.
Pressure ulcer Stage 2
Pressure ulcer stage 2 simply happens when the sore digs deeper below the surface of your skin. You really need to know all this because it is just important.
Symptoms: Your skin is broken, leaves an open wound, or looks like a pus-filled blister. Furthermore, know it that the area is usually swollen, warm, and/or red. The sore may ooze clear fluid or pus. And it’s painful.
You will have to apply the same thing just like that of stage 1, make sure you clean the wound with water or a salt-water solution and dry it gently. Note that it may hurt, so ask your doctor if you should take a pain reliever 30 to 60 minutes before cleaning.
Pressure ulcer Stage 3
Talking about Pressure ulcer stage 3, it is important we make it known to you that these sores have gone through the second layer of skin into the fat tissue.
Symptoms: The sore looks like a crater and may have a bad odor. It may show signs of infection: red edges, pus, odor, heat, and/or drainage. The tissue in or around the sore is black if it has died.
All you need to do is to just have a word with your doctor, because of he or she may remove any dead tissue and prescribe antibiotics to fight infection. On the other hand, you may also be able to get a special bed or mattress through your insurance.
Pressure ulcer Stage 4
Pressure ulcer stage 4 sores happen to be the most serious because it may affect your muscles and ligaments. And that seems to be dangerous.
Symptoms: The sore is usually deep and the skin has turned black and shows signs of infection — red edges, pus, odor, heat, and/or drainage. You will also sometimes see tendons, muscles, and bone.
Pressure ulcer Staging
Talking about pressure ulcer staging, it is also good we make it known to you that you can as well know pressure sores by their more common name, which is called bed sores. This happens especially when you lie or sit in one position too long and the weight of your body against the surface of the bed or chair cuts off blood supply.
I this case, your doctor may talk about the “stage” of your pressure sores. The stages are based on how deep the sores are, which can affect their treatment.
Pressure ulcer Treatment
It is a pleasure we make it known to you that when treating pressure ulcers, Have it at the back of your mind that it involves reducing pressure on the affected skin, caring for the wounds, controlling pain, preventing infection and maintaining good nutrition.
Furthermore, addressing many aspects of wound care usually requires a multidisciplinary approach. Members of your care team might include:
- A primary care physician who oversees the treatment plan
- A physician or nurse specializing in wound care
- Nurses or medical assistants who provide both care and education for managing wounds
- A social worker who helps you or your family access resources and who addresses emotional concerns related to long-term recovery
- A physical therapist who helps with improving mobility
- An occupational therapist who helps to ensure appropriate seating surfaces
- A dietitian who monitors your nutritional needs and recommends a good diet
- A doctor who specializes in conditions of the skin (dermatologist)
- A neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeon or plastic surgeon
Pressure ulcer Unstageable
Having said much, lastly, we will be talking about pressure ulcer unstageable. Know it that pressure ulcers (injuries) are localized areas of tissue necrosis that typically develop when soft tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and an external surface for a long period of time.
Also, Ulcers covered with slough or eschar are by definition unstageable. With this, you now know where you stand. Stay with us as we keep you updated.